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Sunshine Parenting

Jan 8, 2021

Show notes & links available here.

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In this episode, Audrey's guest is Dr. Michele Borba, an educational psychologist, parenting expert, and author of 24 books. Her most recent book is Unselfie: Why Empathetic Kids Succeed in Our All-About-Me World.

The aim of Dr. Borba's work is to strengthen children's empathy and resilience and break the cycle of youth violence. In this book, she shares her experience meeting kids from all over the world and discovering the unprecedented global epidemic of mental health disorders.

Watch Audrey & Michele's chat on video

Big Ideas

  • 1 in 3 kids has overwhelming stress levels. As a generation, kids today are lonelier, more risk-averse, and lacking in curiosity. Dr. Borba began to examine the causes and found the lower the income of the kid, the happier the child.
  • Studies found that in the U.S., teens are nosediving in empathy. There was a 40% drop in 30 years, while narcissism and self-absorption were up 58%. Kids today need to develop empathy.
  • Empathy can be cultivated in our youth and doing so will dramatically enhance their success, happiness, and well-being. Here are some ideas:
    • The Two Kind Rule: say or do at least two kind things every day.
    • Check-in with your kids and ask, "What was something kind you did today?"
    • Model kindness and caring.
    • Talk about your values and moral identity.
    • Show and demonstrate kindness in small and simple ways.

9 Essential Habits that Give Kids the Empathy Advantage:

  1. Emotional Literacy: Be able to read someone's feelings, to connect with others, talk about feelings.
  2. Moral Identity: Feel inside that caring matters and your values inform good choices.
  3. Perspective Taking: Feel another person's point of view.
  4. Moral Imagination: Share uplifting literature, film, news, and images as a source of inspiration.
  5. Self-Regulation: One simple tip is to teach “Belly Breathing.”
  6. Practicing Kindness:Look for simple ways for your child to see you extend kindness.
  7. Collaboration & Teamwork: Encourage your child to have contact with individuals of different races, cultures, ages, genders, abilities, and beliefs.
  8. Moral Courage: Promote moral courage and teaching children situational awareness to embolden them to speak out, step in, and help others.
  9. Altruistic Leadership: Don't think about yourself, think about what you can do for others.

Four questions to consider:

1. Which empathy habits are you helping your children acquire?

2. Which empathy habits might you be overlooking?

3. Which empathy habits is your school addressing or may be overlooking?

4. Which habit are you interested in nurturing in your children or students?


Michele: "Empathy is teachable. Our kids are hard-wired to care, but we've got to nurture it and the culture is removing it."

Michele: "Parenting right now is all about the G.P.A. and the rank and score. So it puts empathy down on a lower level. All we need to do is flip it around because we'll raise more successful, happier kids who are more prepared for life if we do."

Audrey: "When you are not feeling good, the best thing you can do is serve other people. Empathy gets you outside of yourself."

Michele: "When we look at kids and who their role models are, 20 - 30 years ago it was, I want to be a helper, a doctor, a teacher, a firefighter. Now? Somebody who is rich and famous."

Michele: "If we flip our parenting and weave in how we cultivate empathy, and it's doable. It's not another teacher, not another tutor or worksheet--it's simple little things that we can do on a day-to-day basis that will make a major difference in our children's lives."

Michele: "You can't have empathy unless you can read somebody else's feelings. That's emotional literacy. Our kids have been looking down, not up. They've been disconnected. So right now, just start talking feelings more because that's the gateway to empathy."

Michele: "Kids need to feel inside their heart and soul that I'm a caring person and that matters. So talk about that in your home. 'That's what we stand for, those are our values.' Because your kid will be likely to step in and do the right thing."

Michele: "If we keep asking those simple little things, and weave them in, what we start doing is stretching our kids to think 'WE' not 'ME' and that's what helps our kids to be able to fight the stress."

Michele: "When stress builds, empathy goes down and burnout comes up. We're now looking at a population of burned out, overwhelmed individuals."

Michele: "My challenge to each kid right now is to think of one person who's struggling. It could be a friend, somebody you may not be able to connect with face-to-face, but what's one simple little thing you can do to reach out and help that person? It will not only get your stress level going down, it'll help that person. That's a win-win."

Audrey: "During a time of high stress and high anxiety, the best thing we can do is stop thinking so much about our own stress and our own worry and instead think about, 'What can I do?' Little acts of kindness."

Michele: "Parents, don't try to do it all. You'll be overwhelmed and your kids won't be so happy."

Michele: "Yes, it's important that you get the grade and you study, but it's also important to have balance. Because what you really want is a child who has two things going for them (heart and mind.) That's the kid who's going to be able to handle life well."

Audrey: "Parents, remember, talk about it. If it's important to you, make sure your kids know that it is important to you and that you value kindness and empathy."

Audrey: "Our identity is so much more powerful than anything else. So if we want our kids, for example, to be healthy, they need to identify themselves as a healthy person who doesn't take things into their body that are bad for them."

Audrey: "A lot of communication to kids is, 'Don't do this, don't do that.' It's so much more powerful to say, 'We are kind. We're going to practice kindness.'"

Michele: "Words really do matter. Praise can diminish or increase empathy. One of the simplest things to do is catch your kid with any kind of character trait and use the word 'because' in your praise: 'That was being kind because you held the door open for grandma. Did you see how happy she was?'"

Michele: "When kids see the impact of a gesture, they're more likely to repeat the gesture until they become that kindhearted kid. Just tuning up our praise the right way can make a difference."

Audrey: "Let's take this time to think more about our family's values and use it as a kind of reset...There are simple things we can do right now to come out of this better, kinder people."

Michele: "All of these habits, you weave them in. It's kind of like this little scaffolding trajectory. You start when they're little and you keep on going even when they're out of the house. And what you end up with is habit nine--the altruistic kid who wants to make a difference in the world. That's what our world needs right now. The kid who thinks 'WE,' because we get through stuff together, not alone."

Audrey: "It's never too late to start this--or too early--and nd it will lift everybody up. We need more people bringing positive changes to the world. What this world needs is people who care and people who are looking out for each other."


Dr. Michele Borba

One Simple Thing

What are the "little things" that bring you delight?

Make a short list, and encourage your kids, your partner, and your friends to do the same. When you take time to create your list, you'll realize how many of the little things you enjoy don't cost anything and can be done even when you're stuck at home.

Learning to Enjoy the Little Things

My Favorite

It all comes down to love and relationships in the end. That is all that remains in the final weeks, love and relationships.
-Bronnie Ware

Bronnie Ware's post, "The Top Five Regrets of the Dying."

Here are the five regrets Ware lists in the post and covers in her book by the same name (which I haven't read).

1. I wish I’d had the courage to live a life true to myself, not the life others expected of me.

2. I wish I hadn’t worked so hard.

3. I wish I’d had the courage to express my feelings.

4. I wish I had stayed in touch with my friends.

5. I wish that I had let myself be happier.

Ep. 75: Begin with the (Parenting) End in Mind

Listener Question

This week's listener question came in via email. If you have a question you'd like me to cover on a future episode of the podcast, email me or record a voice message!

Hi there,

I listen to your podcast and joined your discussion of homeschooling a few weeks ago. I was wondering if you think sleep away camps and day camps will happen this summer. I'd love to hear parents and camp directors on this topic. I'm so eager to have my kids have a "normal" summer but it's feeling more and more likely that they won't. I'd love advice on this topic.

Thank you,


Hi Laura,
I really don't know what's going to happen this summer with camps. All camps will hopefully have more guidance soon, as the American Camp Association and CDC are coming up with guidelines.
In following what other camps are doing, some have already decided not to operate this summer, some are modifying sessions and starting later or with smaller groups, and some are planning to operate their regular sessions. The majority (including mine) are waiting to make decisions until we get more guidance from authorities and see what's happening with the Coronavirus.
So much depends on what happens with the pandemic and when states allow larger gatherings. So... I'm sorry I can't be more helpful. If your kids have a camp they attend, you could contact them directly and see what they're planning.
A "normal" summer would be so nice right about now!
Take Care,